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Research 101: Mining Reference Lists

Information on the research process.

How Do You Mine Reference Lists?

When authors borrow information they credit their sources. In-text citations or footnotes correspond to a list of sources at the end of the work. This list of sources may be called references, works cited, or a bibliography.

Mining a reference list means looking up these sources for yourself.

Careful crediting of sources is more common for academic or scholarly work. Popular sources, such as newspapers and magazines, may lack citations or have less-complete citations that made finding the source difficult.

Example Reference List

Original Article:
England, D., Descartes, L., & Collier-Meek, M. (2011). Gender role portrayal and the Disney princesses. Sex Roles, 64, 555-567. doi:10.1007/s11199-011-9930-7.

Some of the references cited in the original article:

Gerbner, G., Gross, L., Morgan, M., & Signorielli, N. (1994). Growing up with television: The cultivation perspective. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp.17-41). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Giroux, H. A. (1997). Are Disney movies good for your kids? In S. R. Steinberg & J. L. Kincheloe (Eds.) Kinderculture: The corporate construction of childhood (pp. 53-67). Boulder: Westview.

Graves, S. B. (1999). Television and prejudice reduction: When does television as a vicarious experience make a difference? Journal of Social Issues, 55, 707-725. doi: 1.1111/0022-4537.00143.

Hoerrner, K. L. (1996). Gender roles in Disney films: Analyzing behaviors from Snow White to Simba. Women’s Studies in Communication, 19, 213-228.

Interlibrary Loan

If Briggs Library does not have a book or article in our collection you may request it though our Interlibrary Loan Service. See FAQ: Interlibrary Loan for more information.

Find an Article

Article you are looking for:
Graves, S. B. (1999). Television and prejudice reduction: When does television as a vicarious experience make a difference? Journal of Social Issues, 55, 707-725. doi: 1.1111/0022-4537.00143.

Instructions:
On the library's home page use Quick Search. Enter the title or part of the title of the article in quotes to search it as a phrase. Add an author's last name to further refine your search.

Find a Book

The citation below refers to pages 17-41 in the book Media effects: Advances in theory and research edited by Bryant and Zillmann.

Gerbner, G., Gross, L., Morgan, M., & Signorielli, N. (1994). Growing up with television: The cultivation perspective. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp.17-41). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Instructions:

On the library's home page use Quick Search to search for the book, not the article or chapter within the book. Enter the title or part of the title of the book in quotes to search it as a phrase. Add an editor's last name to further refine your search.

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