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Nursing: Web Resources

Nursing Research Guide

Information Needed

  • Author
  • Publication Date
    • n.d. if no date is given
  • Title of webpage or document
  • Retrieved date (not always needed)
  • URL of website OR
  • Name of database

Breakdown of a URL

The Uniform Resource Locator is used to locate documents and pages on the web.

The first part of the URL identifies the transfer protocol -- often HyperText Transfer Protocol (http://) or HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure (https://) -- which defines how messages are formatted and transmitted. It rarely needs to be specified in the URL any more.

The next section of the URL is the domain name, which indicates the owner of the page. SDSU's domain name is The .edu in the domain name indicates that it is an educational institution. There are many types of domains: .com, .org, .gov, etc.

The final part(s) of the URL are the path and file indicators. This indicates which folder and subfolders a particlar web page or document is located in so that it can be found and delivered to your browser.

Briggs Library Information Services

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Briggs Library Reference
SBL 123
Briggs Library, Box 2115
South Dakota State University
Brookings, SD 57007-1098


Author. (Year). Web page title. Retrieved from URL.

You can add the date you viewed the webpage if you think the page will change frequently or soon.

White, S. E. (n.d.) Knitting basics for new knitters. Retrieved June 20, 2012 from
Naxos: The world's leading classical music group. (2012) Retrieved June 22, 2012 from

Document on a Webpage

Author. (Year). TItle of document. Retrieved from URL

American Sociological Association. Research and Development Department. (2007). Labor force participation. Retrieved from

Blog Post or Video Blog Post

Author. (Year, Month Day). Title [Web log message]. Retrieve from URL

Szwarc, S. (2009, May 26). Pills with consequences [Web log message]. Retrieved from

Online Discussion

Author, (Year, Month Day). Subject heading [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from URL

Smith, T. C. (2007, July 26). Re: microbiologist Rita Colwell to receive National Medal of Science [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from


Author. (Role). (Year, Month Day). Title [Audio Podcast]. Retrieved from URL

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from

Online Map

Author. (Role). (Year). Title [item description]. Retrieved from URL

Lewis County Geographic Information Services. (Cartographer). (2002). Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from

Online Streaming Video

Producer. (Year). Title of video. Database. Retrieved from http://URL.

Films Media Group. (2006). Tibet: A buddhist trilogy. Films on Demand. Retrieved from

Citing Items Without an Author

If an article, book or other resource does not have an identifiable author, move the title to the first element and keep everything else in the same place.

APA Book:

Title. Date. Place of Publication: Publisher.

MLA Book:

Title. Place of Publication: Publisher. Date. Format.

Chicago Author-Date Book:

Title. Year. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Citing Items Without a Date

If a publication does not have a date, use the abbreviation n.d. for no date.

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